Littoral warfare is the art of fighting a war in the areas of the sea close to the coastline, around islands, in the middle of restricted water bodies, in short, away from the deep ocean. This kind of warfare is drastically different from open ocean naval warfare.
The main reasons are:
■ The water bodies are usually confined In areas like a gulf region, island chains etc. Since there is limited space, large vessels which have a slow speed will be ineffective.
■ Midget submarines and quiet diesel submarines can lurk in the shallow water and hide without making noise
■ Since it is close to the coast, the enemy will use fast attack boats armed with missiles. The missile attacks in a swarm cam overwhelm even the most modern air defense systems
■ The shallow waters and limited space require the use of tactics which are different from open…
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